Microscopic analysis of urine sediment

All of the stable materials suspended in the urine are referred to as urine sediment. Microscopic urine sediment analysis is useful to rule out kidney and urinary tract disease. Microscopic examination of such observations can contribute to the interpretation of faulty physical and chemical tests. The epithelium, liver, lower genitourinary …

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Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid tissue is made up of colloid, which includes iodinated thyroglobulin. Thyroglobulin is a big molecule that is synthesized by the surrounding follicular cells and from which thyroxine is produced and processed in colloid. Thyroid neuroendocrine cells (parafollicular or C cells) release calcitonin, a physiologically active peptide, and are situated …

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Double Immunodiffusion

Immunodiffusion Assays involving the diffusion of soluble antigen and antibody include the precipitation reaction. When the concentrations reach a critical point, a visible precipitate is formed, which is made up of an insoluble complex of antigens and antibodies. In an agarose gel, precipitation reactions are the most stable. Double immunodiffusion, …

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