Fundamentals of Cytogenetic Techniques

Cytogenetics is the study of chromosome morphology, structure, pathology, function, and behavior. Chromosomes are studied by cytogenetic techniques and are best studied at mitotic or meiotic metaphase, although some studies, such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods, may utilize interphase cells. Once dividing cells are obtained, mitotic arresting agents …

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Common Genetic Disorders

Diseases, syndromes, and other disorders caused by mutations or chromosomal abnormalities of one or more genes are known as genetic conditions. Congenital disorders are not caused by genetic defects or chromosomal variations. Rather, problems that arise during embryonic or fetal development or during the delivery process trigger them. One example …

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