Category Clinical Chemistry

Why test blood TMAO level?

Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has a molecular mass of 75.1 Daltons and belongs to the family of amine oxides. It is commonly found in the tissues of a wide range of marine creatures, particularly marine elasmobranchs, where TMAO is known to…

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LDL Cholesterol calculation equations

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or LDL cholesterol, is a kind of fat that circulates in the blood, transporting cholesterol across the body to where it’s needed for cell repair and depositing it inside artery walls. Because cholesterol and triglycerides are water…

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Hypocalcemia and Hypercalcemia

Calcium is required for efficient cellular function and signaling, as well as neuromuscular transmission, cardiac contractility, hormone secretion, and blood coagulation. Extracellular calcium concentrations are controlled within an extremely narrow range thanks to a number of feedback processes including parathyroid…

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Prostate specific antigen (PSA)

PSA is a protein released by the prostate gland. PSA is a kallikrein-family serine protease that has been commonly used to screen men for prostate cancer. It’s also used to monitor recurrence and therapy response after initial treatment. PSA is…

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C-Peptide

C-Peptide (Connecting peptide) is the binding peptide cleaved in proinsulin insulin processing. Responsive immunoassays in blood and urine can easily detect it. Serum C-peptide is a particularly useful marker of endogenous insulin secretion (a synthetic insulin that does not contain…

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Liver Function test

LIVER The liver is the largest gland in the body, weighing between 1 and 2.3 kilograms. It occupies the majority of the right hypochondriac region, a portion of the epigastric region, and extends into the left hypochondriac region in the…

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