Category Clinical Pathology

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis, also known as coronary artery disease (CAD), is the most common type of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with the main component being lipid accumulation and inflammation of the large arteries, which can eventually lead to clinical complications such as myocardial…

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Anti-CCP

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is the most prevalent inflammatory joint disease, affecting roughly 1% of the global adult population. It is characterized by persistent synovial inflammation, which frequently leads to progressive joint degeneration, disability, and a loss in quality of life.…

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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was first identified by Cotugno in 1764, which is a major body fluid. CSF provides a systemic mechanism for providing nutrients to the nervous tissue, eliminating metabolic waste and building a structural shield against damage to…

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Semen Analysis

Introduction The testes, epididymis, seminal tubes, prostate, and bulbourethral glands are among the four fractions of sperm. Since the composition of the tis differs with increasing fraction, combining all four fractions during ejaculation is needed to obtain a good semen…

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Microscopic analysis of urine sediment

All of the stable materials suspended in the urine are referred to as urine sediment. Microscopic urine sediment analysis is particularly useful for detecting kidney and urinary tract disease. Microscopic inspection of such findings can aid in the clarification of…

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