Anticardiolipin Antibody (ACA, Cardiolipin Antibodies)

Test Description Cardiolipin antibodies are the most common kind of antiphospholipid antibody. These antibodies are essential in the mechanism of blood coagulation. When a patient develops autoantibodies (antibodies to anticardiolipin, or ACA) against cardiolipins, he or she is at a … Read more

Immune (Idiopathic) Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), commonly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, is an inflammatory bleeding disorder that affects both adults and infants. Until quite recently, it was considered an autoantibody disorder in which the reticuloendothelial system prematurely removed platelets, which were … Read more

Double Immunodiffusion

Immunodiffusion Assays involving the diffusion of soluble antigen and antibody include the precipitation reaction. When the concentrations reach a critical point, a visible precipitate is formed, which is made up of an insoluble complex of antigens and antibodies. In an … Read more