Category Virology

Rotavirus infection and diagnosis

Rotavirus is a widely recognised cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children all around the world. Almost every child under the age of five is at risk of contracting group A rotavirus (RVA). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that…

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Immune Response to Viral Infections

Viruses are well known for stimulating innate immune responses. Certain viruses, in particular, induce the production of interferons, which can inhibit viral replication by causing an antiviral reaction. NK cells are also in charge of virus control. NK cells are…

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Human Papillomaviruses

Introduction Papillomavirus is one of two genera in the Papovaviridae family. The viruses in this category, however, vary significantly from those in the other genus, Polyomavirus, in terms of genome size, organization, and pathogenesis. Papillomaviruses (Latin: papilla = ‘nipple’; oma…

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Pathogenesis of COVID-19

Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a community of Nidovirales viruses that includes the Coronaviridae, Arteriviridae, Mesoniviridae, and Roniviridae families. In the genus Coronaviridae, the Coronavirinae is one of two subfamilies, the other being the Torovirinae. The Coronavirinae family is further divided into…

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